Allergy to the dog’s hair causes various symptoms. What are the remedies and how does it manifest? In some subjects, a real reaction to the immune system’s hypersensitivity may be triggered when it comes to contact with pets. Allergy occurs especially when exposed to allergens found in animal hair, dead skin flakes or saliva. These are very small particles spreading in the air and can remain in the environment for a long time. For this reason it is important to remember that no direct contact with the animal is necessary.
In most cases, the allergic reaction to the dog’s hair is manifested with symptoms such as rhinitis and asthma. Skin reactions and conjunctivitis may also appear. The doctor will check whether the symptoms in question can be related to a dog’s hair allergy. For this reason, it is important to contact your doctor right away to find out more about the problem. In particular, in the case of hypersensitivity, the following symptoms may be present:
- Itching to the nose or throat (especially children may feel the need to rub the nose upwards);
- Eye disorders, such as conjunctivitis, swelling, tearing and redness;
- Pain in the face, which can also be manifested with a feeling of pressure;
- Allergic rhinitis with cough and sneezing;
- Tiredness and feeling of general malaise;
- Difficulty in breathing;
- Skin manifestations, such as urticaria or dermatitis;
- Sleep disturbances due to lack of breath or cough.
The presence of other allergens in the environment where the subject with allergy is located may worsen the condition of the patient. It should also be remembered that air pollution and smoke could be the triggering factors, along with the dog’s allergy, of a real asthma crisis. Allergy to pets can occur at any time of the year and the symptoms may occur even if you do not have an animal at home. This is because exposure to allergens can also occur at the workplace or in the places dedicated to the study. In fact, allergens can be transported from other homes to clothing and in this case it is very difficult to avoid exposure.
Just because of the difficulty of avoiding exposure to allergens, it may often be necessary to resort to certain medications that allow you to monitor the symptoms or to take precautionary action. In particular, several medicines available to reduce the symptomatic picture are available:
Corticosteroids, available as nasal sprays, can play a decisive role in reducing inflammation and in controlling allergy symptoms. In particular, they are drugs such as fluticasone, ciclesonide or triamcinolone. These drugs are applied directly to the area affected by the problem and allow you to take a low dose of the medicine with a reduction in side effects.
There are decongestant drugs available also as nasal sprays. They provide a relief effect from the symptoms of the allergy, reducing the feeling of swelling and allowing breathing easier. However, these medicines have a limited time-limited effect and nasal congestion may become worse if you use these medications for more than three consecutive days.
Even antihistamines can be very useful in case of allergy. They allow to reduce symptoms as nose dying and sneezing because they lower the production of histamine. The latter is a chemical that is produced as a result of immune system stimuli. Antihistamines are available in the form of tablets, syrups or nasal sprays.
Your doctor may also recommend sodium cromoglycate, which acts as a preventative measure against the release of histamine by the immune system. In this way, this active ingredient allows to reduce inflammation in airways. It can be administered in the form of nasal spray with local application, which should be performed several times daily so as to obtain some efficacy.
There are some rules that could help reduce the problem. You should avoid touching or embracing dogs, paying attention also to displaying clothes of people who have pets. If possible, it would be important to avoid carrying the animal inside the house.
The dog, in the presence of the appropriate spaces, can live comfortably even outdoors and thus reduce the amount of allergens present inside the home. It may also be helpful to establish dog access limits within some of the rooms in the house. It is important, if you touch a pet, wash your hands well and avoid bringing them to the face and in contact with the eyes.