Infant allergy symptoms can be seen from the earliest months of life, others can manifest with the passing of years: here are the signals that make it clear whether the child suffers – or will suffer in the future – of allergies. And the directions on the examinations to do, the treatments and the specialized centers
The signals were identified with the advice of Prof. Alessandro Fiocchi, Head of Allergology of the Pediatric Child Hospital of Rome. Here is what I am.
1. The Milk Crust
Milk crust is a form of seborrheic dermatitis that affects the scalp in the first few months of life. Sometimes it is not related to any specific cause, but in many cases it is a first sign that precedes the onset of atopic dermatitis.
2. Atopic Dermatitis
Atopic dermatitis is a form of eczema which is manifested with itching and therefore causes the baby to scratch, giving rise to a reddened, thick, rough skin to the touch. Atopic dermatitis can manifest itself from the second month of life and disappear within a few months or persist until adolescence. Often the child with atopic dermatitis tends to wake up several times during sleep just because it has itching.
3. Itching On The Nose
It is already visible in infancy and mom knows that when the baby is in her arms, she rubs the nose on her shoulder or on her chest.
4. Sneezing And Redness Of The Eyes
After the age of one year, the child begins to show more obvious symptoms on specific occasions: for example he starts sneezing as he enters a room where there is a cat or a walk in the park, or his eyes flush when he enters in a library or other environment where there is a lot of dust, or it breathes badly when it rains and releases mold spores.
5. Nasal Secretions
It is a typical signal of an allergic reaction: the baby is often prone and often needs to blow his nose.
The secretions are generally white and liquid, but they can often become dense and purulent because the stagnation of the catarrh can cause infections.
6. The Dark Circles
Nasal congestion caused by the allergy inflates the glands placed behind the nose, causing a pressure increase inside the vein vessels, which therefore fail to effectively drain the area around the eyes; this slowing down of microcirculation gives rise to dark circles.
7. Wrinkles On Lower Eyelids
In the lower eyelids there is a pleat, called “Dennie-Morgan ply”, determined by the itching and scratching of the periocular area, which is dry and easier to mark.
8. Allergic Greeting
By this definition is meant the typical gesture of the allergic child to scratch the nose with the hand from the bottom up; just following the allergic gossip, it is easy to form a transverse fold over the nasal lobule.
9. The Closed And Breathable Mouthpiece
Since the mucous membrane is congested, the baby often has a closed nose and tends to breathe with open mouth, both during day and night.
10. Bad Breath
It is due both to open mouth breathing and to the stagnation of nasal secretions, which cause bacterial colonization responsible for alytosis. (Read also: the baby has bad breath)
One of the manifestations of allergy, which may occur in preschool age, is asthma. In this case, a whistle is heard during the breath, which may be associated with coughs, especially as a result of an effort, such as sports activity, an intense laugh, a struggle with the little brother.
12. The Headache
Headaches can be caused by allergy if the secretions caused by the allergy are stagnant and infected, causing a sinusitis.
In this case the headache is frontal, pulsating, and above all accentuates with position changes, for example when the baby bends forward.
What to do if there is an infant allergy symptom?
If the child also displays one of the allergy signals, it is advisable to contact the pediatrician who may require the following examinations:
– The Prick Test, which provides skin application of some allergen extracts, which, in the case of allergy, cause the appearance of pomegranates.
The exam can be performed directly by the pediatrician, if he has the kit for the outpatient test, otherwise you will have to go to the hospital or the allergist.
It’s the simplest and cheapest exam to run, which is usually prescribed as the first choice.
– The Rast Test, which through a blood test, performs the assay of specific IgE antibodies that trigger in allergic reactions. The Rast test is used if the results of the Prick test are doubtful if they are negative but the child continues to experience allergy symptoms or has a diffused atopic dermatitis that makes it impossible to perform the skin test.
– The Nasal Provocation Test. In older children, it is preferred to use the nasal challenge test, which involves the inhalation of small amounts of allergens directly from the nose, so that it is possible to evaluate more precisely which reactions have a particular allergen on the most involved organ from the allergic reaction, that is, the nose.
Based on the results of the tests, the pediatrician will evaluate the most appropriate therapeutic approach. So, Infant allergy symptoms can be handled properly.