Milk Allergy In Infant occurs when the baby’s age grows and begins to be given formula milk, it shows very worrisome symptoms. What really happened to the baby? For you know, there are two types of body rejection of cow’s milk in the form of allergy and intolerance. There is often a misperception that cow protein allergy is considered to be the same as lactose intolerance.
Lactose is a “sugar” that is produced in the mammary gland and is present in mammalian milk, such as cattle. To digest lactose, an enzyme called lactase is needed. In fact, babies can produce large amounts of lactase naturally. However, infants with impaired digestion can not produce sufficient lactase. Because it can not digest lactose, lactose intolerance occurs from cow’s milk.
While infants with cow’s milk allergy can not accept the complex protein chains found in cow’s milk. As a result allergic reactions are characterized by the emergence of some symptoms in a short time (less in 1 hour), or in a long time (more than 1 day).
Comparing the two things described above often leads many Mothers to be misperceptions with what is happening by the baby as a result of the consumption of cow’s milk. In fact, cow’s milk allergy is more dangerous than lactose intolerance. For that let’s look deeper into the difference.
Cow Milk Allergy
Did you know that cow’s milk allergy is a fairly serious disorder common to infants? The body has an immune system as a protection from the danger of infection. The immune system attacks viruses and bacteria that can cause us to fall ill. With this cow milk allergy, our immune system can not distinguish milk proteins with viruses or bacteria, this is known as allergen.
Cow milk protein may also be a problem for low immunity. In addition, this allergy occurs due to the child’s gastrointestinal tract that has not functioned perfectly. Thus, cow’s milk protein can not be digested or broken down properly in the body. For that, recognize the symptoms and immediately consult a physician to get advice and ways of handling cow milk allergy. Just like allergy symptoms against other types of food, cow milk allergy will also attack the skin, digestive tract, and airway.
There are 3 clinical patterns of this allergic response in infants, namely:
- Rapid reaction – Symptoms will appear after 45 minutes of cow’s milk in the form of red spots on baby’s skin, itching, and respiratory system disorders such as, sneezing, nose, wheezing and red eyes.
- Medium Reaction – Will appear after 45 minutes – 20 hours drinking cow’s milk, which is characterized by vomiting and diarrhea.
- Slow Reactions – Generally symptoms of diarrhea, constipation (difficult bowel movements), and dermatitis (eczema skin). It will only be visible after more than 20 hours.
Overcoming Cow Milk Allergy
Do not underestimate the symptoms of cow’s milk allergy, because if there is no appropriate handling action, can affect the body’s organs and grow-growing baby. Most infants will indeed go through a period of cow’s milk allergy at the age of 18 months. But before that time comes, the best way to deal with cow milk allergy is to avoid cow’s milk and soy protein. You should consult a doctor to find out the type of milk that is suitable for the baby, because you may not need to directly use milk with amino acid formula. Keep in mind, ma’am:
- Check and consult a doctor about the health condition of the baby Mothers who have a cow’s milk allergy on a regular basis, and keep a good medical history, so easy for Mother to monitor nutrition and daily health.
- Be careful on the complementary foods of milk and additional beverages that you will give, so that he is protected from the dangers of a cow’s milk allergy reaction.
Lactose intolerance means that the body can not produce lactase, or the enzyme needed to digest lactose into enough glucose and galactose. Lactose is a sugar substance contained in milk, including breast milk, cow’s milk and other dairy products. As a result, undigested lactose remains in the baby’s intestine or is not absorbed by the baby’s body, thus causing indigestion.
Then, whether breast milk can also cause lactose intolerance? The answer is YES. But do not worry, because breast milk also contains lactase enzymes. Breast-fed infants rarely experience lactose intolerance. Unless, for babies born prematurely because of increased levels of lactase enzyme in breast milk only occurs after the third trimester of pregnancy. Infants with lactose intolerance who still get breast milk will grow well because of the enzyme lactase.
The following are characteristics of infants who have lactose intolerance:
- Diarrhea with watery and foam characteristics.
- Abdominal cramps are indicated by crying and lifting the feet like colic symptoms.
- Ejects gas (fart) too often, about 30 minutes to 2 hours after feeding.
Handling A Baby With Lactose Intolerance
If your baby has lactose intolerance, take the following steps:
- Observe the child’s reaction. If he shows symptoms of lactose intolerance, immediately stop giving additional milk.
- Give milk with low lactose content or no lactose at all. If you do not find low / lactose-free milk, you can provide soy milk. Soy milk does not contain lactose, but sucrose and corn syrup are easily digested, so it is safe to give to babies.
- Read the label. Avoid the milk and its processed products that contain lactose. Often there are lactose-containing foods that miss your attention. Foods with this hidden lactose include biscuits, cakes, processed cereals, cheese sauce, cream soup, pudding, bread, and milk-containing butter. Please pay more attention!
- When the child has been eating complementary foods, give foods containing calcium such as tofu, broccoli, oranges, green mustard, bean sprouts, and nuts so that the baby does not lack calcium. If the food ingredients become foods that interest children.
By controlling the food that will be consumed by children wisely, of course he will continue to grow healthy and happy.