Mold Allergy Forecast. If you have a fungal allergy, the immune system overreacts when you inhale the fungal spores. This triggers various reactions that cause allergic symptoms.
Like allergies, allergic fungus can cause cough, itchy eyes and cause other symptoms that make you feel disturbed. In some people, mold allergies can trigger asthma and exposure leading to limited breathing and other respiratory disorders.
If you have a fungal allergy, the best way to deal with it is to reduce your exposure to certain types of fungi that can cause your reaction. In fact, you will not always be able to avoid allergen triggers of fungus, in which case the drug can help control allergic reactions.
Mushroom allergy causes the same signs and symptoms as upper respiratory allergic disorders. Printing allergy symptoms may include:
- Nose runny or clogged
- ough and postnasal drip
- Eyes, nose and throat itch
- Watery eyes
Symptoms of allergic fungi vary and can be mild to severe. Symptoms can be permanent or develop only at certain times. You may notice the symptoms when the weather is humid, or when you are indoors or outdoors filled with mildew.
Allergic fungus and asthma
If you have a fungal allergy and asthma, your asthma symptoms can be triggered by exposure to mold spores. In some people, exposure to certain fungi can cause severe asthma attacks. Signs and symptoms of asthma include:
- Hard to breathe
- Chest tightness
When to see a doctor
If you have nasal congestion, sneezing, watery eyes or other persistent annoying symptoms, see your doctor immediately.
Similar to other types of allergies, fungal allergy symptoms are triggered by overly sensitive immune system responses. When you inhale the fungal spores contaminated with air, your body recognizes these spores as foreign substances and produces antibody-causing allergies to fight it.
After the exposure stops, the body still produces antibodies that can recognize this substance, so that on subsequent exposure the immune system will still react. This reaction triggers the release of substances such as histamine, which cause itching, watery eyes, runny nose, sneezing and other allergic fungus symptoms.
Mushrooms can grow both inside and outside the room. There are many types of fungus, but only certain types of fungi cause allergies. Allergies to one particular type of fungus alone will not make you allergic to other fungi. Some of the most common fungi causing allergies include Alternaria, Aspergillus, Cladosporium and Penicillium.
When a reaction can not be said allergy symptoms
Although fungal allergy is the most common problem caused by exposure to fungi, fungi can cause illness without an allergic reaction. Fungi can also cause infection or irritation and toxic reactions. Infections caused by fungi can cause various problems ranging from flu-like symptoms to skin infections and even pneumonia.
The irritant reaction arises when a substance from a fungus called volatile organic compounds irritates the mucous membranes in the body. Symptoms of an irritating reaction are similar to allergies and may include eye irritation, runny nose, cough, hoarseness, headache and skin irritation.
There are a number of factors that can make you more susceptible to developing fungal allergies, or worsen your allergy symptoms, among others:
- Have a family with a history of allergies. If you have a family with a history of allergies and asthma, you are more likely to develop mold allergies.
- Have a job with high exposure risk. Jobs that allow you to be exposed to fungi include; agriculture, working in dairy processing, logging, baking, millwork, carpentry, greenhouse work, wine making and furniture repairs.
- Stay at home with high humidity. If your indoor humidity is higher than 60 percent, exposure to mold in your home is likely to increase. Mushrooms can grow almost anywhere if the conditions allow the fungus to live – in the basement, behind the walls in framing, other wet surfaces, on the carpet pads, and on the carpet. High exposure risk can trigger fungal allergy symptoms.
- Work or live in a building with excess moisture. Examples include leaky pipes, water seepage during hurricanes and flood damage. At some point, almost every building has an area or angle with excessive moisture. This moisture can allow the development of mushrooms.
- Stay in a house with bad ventilation. Tight windows and locked doors will increase the humidity of the room and block out the entry of air, creating ideal conditions for mold growth. Humid places such as bathrooms, kitchens and basements are the most vulnerable.
The most common allergic reactions caused by fungal allergies include symptoms like hay fever-a type of symptom that can make you feel so disturbed, but these symptoms are not serious. However, certain allergic conditions caused by fungi may be more severe, including:
- Asthma is triggered by fungal allergies. In people who are allergic to fungi, breathing spores can trigger a recurrence of asthma. If you have allergies to fungi and asthma, make sure you have emergency medicines that you always take to anticipate severe asthma attacks.
- Allergy fungal sinusitis. The condition occurs due to the inflammatory reaction to the fungus in the sinuses.
- Allergic aspergillosis bronchopulmonary. Reactions to the fungus in the lungs can occur in people with asthma or cystic fibrosis.
- Hypersensitivity penumonitis. This rare condition occurs when exposure to airborne particles such as mold spores causes the lungs to become inflamed. This condition may be triggered by exposure to allergy-causing dust in the workplace.
Another problem caused by mold
In addition to allergies, fungi can pose other health risks to vulnerable people. For example, the fungus may cause infection of the skin or mucous membranes. Generally, however, the fungus does not cause systemic infection except in people with impaired immune systems, such as those who have HIV / AIDS or who are taking immunosuppressant drugs.
Exposure to fungus can also cause eye irritation, skin, nose and throat in some people. Other fungal reactions are still in the research stage.
Preparing Before to Doctor
Diagnosis and treatment for fungal allergies can be given by the primary care physician. However, for allergies great, primary care physicians will refer you to a doctor who specializes in allergy treatment.
You can take some steps for preparing a consultation. Here are some important information that may be useful to you.
What you can do
- Ask if there are certain pre-arrangement restrictions when you make an appointment. For example, if you do an allergy test, doctors tend to recommend you to stop taking allergy medications for a few days before the test.
- Write down the symptoms you are experiencing, as well as the location and what you do when the symptoms begin to develop.
- Make a list of all the medicines, vitamins or supplements you take, and take the list during consultation.
- Write down the questions you want to ask the doctor.
Preparing a list of questions will help you make the most of the consultation time. For allergic fungi, here are some basic questions that you need to include.
- What do you think causes these symptoms?
- Are there any tests available that can confirm a certain allergy? Do I need to prepare for this test?
- How can I treat fungal allergy?
- What side effects might be caused by allergy medications?
- What should I do to get my house free of fungus?
- Are there any generic alternatives to the drugs you are prescribing?
- I have other health conditions. How best to manage these conditions together?
- Do you have any brochures or other printed materials that I can take home? What website do you recommend?
What can you expect from a doctor?
To determine the cause of your symptoms, your doctor may ask you a number of questions, such as:
- What are the symptoms you are experiencing?
- What seems to trigger or worsen your symptoms?
- Are these symptoms more severe over a period of time or at certain hours of the day?
- Do your symptoms relapse when you are in certain locations, such as outdoors or in the basement?
- What drugs do you take, including herbal remedies?
- What other health problems do you have?
- Do your family members have allergies? What allergies?
- Do you have any contact or exposure to fungus, dust, smoke or chemicals in the workplace?
- Is there a fungus that grows in your home?
What you can do for a while
During the wait for the consultation schedule, you can try OTC allergy medication to relieve symptoms.
If there is a visible, visible fungus, ask someone who is not allergic to the fungus to help you clean it by using 1 ounce 1 bleach solution mixed with 1 liter of water or commercial mushroom cleaning products that are sold in the market. If you are forced to clean the mold yourself, be sure to wear long rubber gloves, safety glasses and masks to limit exposure to mold.
Tests and Diagnosis
For diagnosis, your doctor reviews the history of your signs and symptoms and may be accompanied by a physical examination to identify or detect other medical problems. Your doctor may also recommend one or more tests to confirm allergies. The tests in question include:
- Skin prick test. This test uses commonly diluted allergens like mushrooms found in your residence. During the test, this substance is applied to the skin on the arm or back through a small prick. If you have allergies, a lump will appear in the injection area.
- Blood test. A blood test (sometimes called a radioallergosorbent test, or RAST) can measure the immune system’s response to fungi by measuring the amount of certain antibodies in the bloodstream, known as immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies. Blood samples are sent to a medical laboratory for analysis.
Maintenance and Medicine
The best treatment for any allergies is to avoid exposure to allergens. However, you may not completely avoid exposure to mold. Although there is no definite way to cure fungal allergy, some medications may relieve the symptoms. Drugs that you can try, among others:
- Nasal corticosteroids. This nasal spray can help prevent and treat the inflammation caused by the upper respiratory allergy due to the fungus. For most people these drugs prove to be the most effective, and usually the first prescribed medication. Examples include ciclesonide (Omnaris), fluticasone (Flonase), mometason (NASONEX), triamcinolone (Nasacort AQ), budesonide (Rhinocort Aqua). Nosebleeds and nasal droughts are the most common side effects of these drugs, which are generally safe for long-term use.
- Antihistamines. These medicines can help overcome itching, sneezing and runny nose. This drug works by blocking histamine, an inflammatory chemical released by the immune system during an allergic reaction. Available OTC antihistamines include loratadine (Alavert, Claritin), fexofenadine (Allegra) and cetirizine (Zyrtec Allergies). These drugs only cause slight drowsiness and dry mouth. Older antihistamines such as clemastine (Tavist-1) are also quite effective at treating symptoms, but have a drowsiness effect that is powerful enough to affect school work and activity, and cause dry mouth. Azelastine nasal sprays (Astelin, Astepro) and olopatadine hydrochloride (Patanase) are also available by prescription. Side effects of nasal sprays include; bitter taste in mouth and nose drought.
- Oral decongestants. Oral decongestants available in pharmacies or drugstores include; Sudafed and Drixoral. Because it can increase blood pressure, this drug is not recommended for those who have high blood pressure (hypertension). Possible side effects include high blood pressure, insomnia, loss of appetite, palpitations (heart palpitations), anxiety and anxiety.
- Nasal decongestants. These nasal sprays include oxymetazoline (Afrin, and others). Do not use this drug for more than three or four days, as it may cause a recurrence of an allergic reaction with worse symptoms when you stop taking the drug. Other possible side effects include; headaches, insomnia and anxiety.
- Montelukast. Montelukast (Singulair) is a tablet taken to block the action of leukotrien – chemical immune system that causes allergic symptoms such as excessive mucus. These tablets have been shown to be effective in treating asthma triggered by allergies, and are also effective in treating fungal allergies. Like antihistamines, these drugs are not as effective as inhaled corticosteroids. These drugs are often used by those who can not use nasal sprays or if allergy symptoms are accompanied only mild asthma.
Other treatments for fungal allergies include:
- Immunotherapy. This treatment – a series of allergy shots – can be very effective for some allergies, such as hay-fever. Allergy shots are used only for some types of fungal allergy.
- Nasal lavage. To help cope with irritating nasal symptoms, your doctor may recommend that you rinse your nose daily with salt water. Use a specially designed bottle push, such as those in the salt kit (Sinus Rinse, etc.), a syringe ball or neti pot to moisten the nose. This home remedy, called nasal lavage, can help keep your nose free of irritation. Use distilled, sterilized, previously boiled and cooled water, or filtered using a filter with an absolute pore size of 1 micron or smaller to make the solution to be used to rinse the nose. Also be sure to rinse the device after use with water that is also distilled, sterilized, and previously boiled and cooled, or filtered and then let dry by air.
Lifestyle and Home Treatment
To avoid allergy symptoms of fungus, you can take the following steps:
- Sleep with closed windows to prevent mold from outside the room. The concentration of airborne spores tend to be large at night, when the weather is cold and humid.
- Wear a dust mask to cover the nose and mouth to avoid exposure to mold spores as you sweep leaves, mow the lawn or work at the composting site.
- Avoid getting out of the house at any given time, such as after a rainstorm, in foggy or humid weather, or when the concentration of airborne mold spores is quite high.
To reduce the growth of mold in your home, consider these tips:
- Clean the moisture sources in the basement, such as pipe leakage or groundwater seepage.
- Use dehumidifier in every area of your house that smells musty or wet. Make sure the humidity level is below 50 percent. Remember to clean the pile of buckets and condense the coils regularly.
- Use AC, and consider installing a central air conditioner with a high-efficiency HEPA filter. HEPA can filter out fungal spores from the outside air before being contaminated with air in the friendly.
- Change the heating filter and air conditioner regularly. Be sure to always check the air heater and if necessary, clean it.
- Make sure all bathrooms are well-ventilated, and turn on the ventilation fan during your shower and afterwards to dry the air. If you do not have a vent fan, open a window or door while you are bathing.
- Do not install carpets in bathrooms and basements.
- Place the drainage area away from your house by cleaning the leaves and plants that close and block the drainage and clean the sewers as often as possible.
- Keep containers of organic plants clean and dry, such as those made from straw, wicker or hemp.
- Stir or recycle old books and newspapers. If left in damp places, such as dungeons, piles of paper can be moldy quickly.