Symptoms Of Dog Allergies. Having any allergy symptoms to animals is very common among people. Any animal with hair or feathers can cause allergy in genetically predisposed people. In particular, cats and dogs are the two animals that generate more allergic responses in people.
Allergy is an exaggerated or hypersensitive reaction of the body’s immune system to exposure to an allergen, producing a reaction (itching, tears, rashes, headache, sneezing …) that will reveal if our pet allergy or allergy. do not. That is, allergy to animals is the appearance of allergic symptoms as a result of contact with them or by inhaling small particles from them.
Having an allergy to dogs does not mean having an allergy to the animal itself, but to one or several proteins that produce the dogs and that generate an allergic reaction. The most common allergens are usually found in dog saliva and sweat glands, sebaceous glands and lacrimal ducts. Therefore, if the person allergic to the proteins found in the saliva comes into direct contact, there may be an urticaria or an alteration in the skin.
Therefore, contrary to what everyone thinks, hair is not the main cause of allergy in animals or dogs, but dandruff particles, which contain allergens formed in the secretions of the sebaceous and salivary glands . The animals also renew the skin and gradually detach in the form of microscopic scales. The secretions that contain the allergens remain attached to the hair and the stratum corneum of the skin. The particles originated by flaking are able to remain floating in the air for long periods of time.
Therefore, when inhaled cause allergic symptoms in the nose, eyes and respiratory tract. When the particles fall, they are deposited in soil, furniture, carpets … So it is not necessary to come into direct contact with the dog, that is, to caress it, so that the allergy manifests itself. An important recommendation for people with allergies to dogs is that they frequently clean the places through which the dog passes, in this way the largest possible number of particles will be eliminated and the risk of the allergy appearing will be reduced.
It is also possible that there are symptoms of being allergic to one or several dog breeds and not others. However, no differences have been found with respect to allergens produced between different breeds of dogs, nor are there allergens specific to a breed. It is true that some races are distinguished by a greater sebaceous secretion and by releasing more dandruff than others, so it can increase the symptoms. Again we must remember that it does not influence that a dog has the longest hair, since the cause of the allergy is the dandruff that they give off when renewing the skin.
The symptoms that you can feel when you have allergies to dogs are not exclusive to this type of allergy, that is, that the person who suffers it does not have to have an allergy to this animal, but to something else. For example, the presence of ticks or other parasites that the animal may have. The excessive increase of mites that feed on the dandruff of the animal or of the fungi that appear in humid environments can be the origin of the allergy in a person. Even the use of insecticides or chemicals used for their care, the dog’s own food can be the cause of the allergy. Therefore, it is advisable that before ensuring that the allergy is to the dog, go to a doctor to do the tests.
Symptoms of allergy to dogs
The first allergic symptoms are usually the same as with other environmental allergens (such as pollen), that is, rhinitis, conjunctivitis and asthma, which manifest as itchy nose and eyes, sneezing, nasal congestion, liquid mucus, tearing, cough, fatigue, shortness of breath and respiratory sounds like whistles.
In addition, contact with hair, dandruff and saliva causes itching, hives or swelling and redness in the area of contact with the skin or on the eyelids of the eyes. In the most severe cases of allergy, it is possible that the person suffers an asthma attack, but it usually occurs in people with asthma or respiratory problems. In more extreme cases, it is possible to suffer anaphylactic shock, but it is a rare symptom in allergy to dogs. If it happens, it is essential to go to the doctor.
In people who are allergic to the dog they live with, daily contact is causing a progressive inflammation of the respiratory tract that causes symptoms, which can appear and disappear intermittently without being clearly related to the animal. In addition, this inflammation makes the bronchi more sensitive and reacts to other stimuli, such as exercise, cold air, dust, smoke and pollution, which would not cause symptoms if the bronchi were not previously inflamed due to allergy. to the animals.
People who suffer from similar allergies, like other animals or pollen, are more likely to suffer allergies to dogs. These people, the most vulnerable to suffer from allergies to dogs, are atypical, have excessive reactions to substances or stimuli. The most suspicious to believe that the allergy is to the dog is that the symptoms appear right after being in contact with him. It would also be suspect that only the symptoms appeared in places where the animal has been and disappear where it is not.
Having an allergy to dogs does not mean we can not have it as a pet. Just keep in mind some basic recommendations, although it is not guaranteed that allergy symptoms will disappear with them:
- Bathe it more often to reduce the number of allergens. Minimum once a week.
- Use a specific shampoo to reduce the amount of allergens. Ask the veterinarian for the recommended one.
- Brushing your hair every day will cause hair to fall that contains dandruff particles that cause the allergy.
- Do not let it rise on the couch or beds where you will later get on. Especially in the room where you go to sleep.
- Clean the places through which the animal passes daily.
- Avoid touching the animal or wash your hands right after doing it.
Follow the recommendations
- Ventilate the home for long periods of time.
- Use air purification systems inside the home.
- Wash clothes that have been in contact with the dog without using it again. Also wash the clothes of the animal if it bears.
- Use a daily pharmacological treatment to reduce inflammation of the respiratory tract. For example, nasal sprays. Also oral eye drops and antihistamines.
- Go to the veterinarian and find out if there is any product that reduces the fall of dog dander.
- There is also the possibility of vaccinating the animal, but it is recommended only in people that contact with it is inevitable, as veterinarians.
If the allergy is strong and persists, it is recommended to remove it from the home and not go to places where there may be dogs, since the greater the contact with the animal, the greater the severity of the symptoms.